Castling -Chess

Castling is a special move in the game of chess involving a player’s king and either of the player’s original rooks. It is the only move in chess in which a player moves two pieces in the same move, and it is the only move aside from the knight’s move where a piece can be said to “jump over” another.

Types of Castling

In this the White king goes two spaces to his right, and on the other side of the board the Black king can go two spaces to his left. See this diagram with the kings moving along the red line and the rooks along the green line:

King Side Castling

Similar in this the king moves two spaces but this time the White king goes left and the Black king goes right. See here:

Queen Side Castling

In both cases, the rook jumps over the king and settles next to him. One thing to remember is that if you want to castle you need to pick up the king first — not the rook. This is very important!

The final positions should look like this if White castled queen-side and Black castled king-side:

Rules Of Castling

Castling can only happen if all of the following conditions are met in a game:

  • The king has not previously moved.
  • Your chosen rook has not previously moved.
  • There must be no pieces between the king and the chosen rook.
  • The king is not currently in check.
  • Your king must not pass through a square that is under attack by enemy pieces.
  • The king must not end up in check
  • The chosen rook may or can be under attack. We can proceed with Castling.
  • The king may have been in check earlier in the game, provided the king did not move we can castle.

Importance of Castling

Castling is primarily all about getting your king safe because, usually, the move takes your most important piece out of the center of the board and tucks him away behind a wall of pawns.

IT develops your rook, bringing it out nearer to the center of the board where it can get into the game.

Games are won and lost by players deciding if and when a player to castle. In fact, when it comes to beginners a very high proportion of games are lost simply because a novice player doesn’t get their king protected. So it pays to castle.

But beware, the timing is crucial — sometimes castling may actually put your king in danger. So, as with everything in chess, be careful.

It is for this reason that while beginners are often taught to castle as soon as they can, you often see experts put off castling until much further into the games.

Let me repeat the point: timing is crucial.Castling, therefore, is a very nifty maneuver. But like every move in chess, you have to judge when the right time to play it is.

Code for Castling

0–0 is the code for castling on the king’s side in standard chess game notation. And 0–0–0 is the code for castling on the queen’s side in standard chess notation.

We have learnt almost everything about castling. Castle your way to victory in chess.

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